Top 5 Orchid Care Questions and Answers (part 1)
Perhaps every woman at least once received a blooming orchid as a gift. It is not surprising, because such a lively bouquet looks amazing, blooms and pleases the hostess for a long time. Orchids cannot be called very difficult to grow indoor crops, but failure to fulfill the main conditions for their maintenance often leads to the loss of a flower. If you are just starting to get acquainted with indoor orchids, you should find out the correct answers to the main questions on growing these beautiful plants in the house. And, hopefully, our article will help you with this.
1. How do orchids grow in nature?
Orchids got their name from the Latin word orchis (órchis). These oldest plants belong to the orchid family (Orchis). We are used to seeing these amazing flowers in our home, treating them like delicate exotic creatures, forgetting that orchids are quite common in nature.Even in our country, we can meet several dozen wild orchids. One of the common varieties of the northern orchid is cuckoo tears.
Imagining the conditions in which orchids grow in nature, we can better understand what care they will require from us in the rooms.
Orchids are quite hardy and adapt to almost any condition, except for drought and extreme cold. Of course, tropical forests are a favorite place for orchids. There is no limit to their exotic diversity. High humidity, sufficient air exchange, the ability to hide from direct sunlight contribute to the spread of all types of orchids, and there are more than 30 thousand of them.
In addition, under natural conditions, wild orchids are also pollinated with pollen of other flowers, so they can constantly change, new varieties and subspecies appear.
By the way, almost all orchids are long-livers, and under favorable conditions in nature can grow up to 80 years.
2. What orchids are grown in the rooms?
Tropical orchid varieties, most often grown at home, are epiphytic. These types of orchids are notable for the fact that they have aerial roots. In the natural environment, due to such roots, plants receive food and moisture from the air, accumulate them in their leaves and root tubers.
One of the most undemanding types of orchids for home gardening are Phalaenopsis orchids. They are low, with fairly wide, dense leaves, between which airy roots appear, their flowers are like butterflies. Receiving the necessary care, these plants bloom profusely up to two times a year for about two to six months.
Often indoors Phalaenopsis grows in transparent plastic pots so that it is possible to control the humidity of the planting soil. Sometimes, and this is not only a design decision, but also an attempt to create a native natural environment for the root system, phalaenopsis are planted in containers called block cultures. It can be a disinfected small piece of wood bark or part of a tree trunk. However, for the normal growth of orchids in blocks, a very high humidity in the room is required (above 70%).
Cattleya orchids (Cattleya) are also popular with home growers. These are medium-sized plants with one or two leathery leaves. Inflorescences appear from the junction of the leaf with the stem. The flowers themselves are unusually bright, beautiful, large, with a subtle aroma and elegant shape. Flowering and its duration depend on the length of daylight hours, humidity and temperature in the room, as well as on the type of plant.
Another favorite is the Vanda orchid. A distinctive feature of this type of orchids are strong, fleshy very long airy roots. The stem has a height of up to one meter, can grow even higher. A large number of oblong leaves, whose length is 30-70 cm, appear approximately once a month.
The flowers have the appearance of a brush, the size of one flower reaches up to 10 or more centimeters. Having appeared, they continue to increase and gain brightness. Unusual and amazing coloring of these colors: all shades of blue, violet, orange, purple, white. These orchids bloom all year round, with appropriate care – up to three to four times in a few weeks.
Oncidium Orchid (“Oncidium Orchid”) – “Tiger Orchid” has very diverse forms of leaves and flowers, it changes its external structure, depending on the species. The color of the flowers is dominated by yellow, brown and red tones. The size of the flowers can be from 2 to 12 cm. The flowers emit a delicate delicate aroma. Orchids of this species bloom up to three weeks several times a year. The duration and frequency of flowering depends on the specific conditions in which the plant is contained and the quality of care for it.