How to make an orchid bloom? 6 helpful tips (part 1)
One of the most beautiful and bizarre flowers in home gardening are considered orchids. They look great in any home, they are pleasant to give and receive as a gift, and the variety of shapes and colors of these indoor plants allows you to satisfy the most sophisticated tastes. Florists appreciate orchids for their unpretentiousness in care and long bright flowering. But it also happens that we can’t wait for flowering from our beloved orchid. What to do? Is it possible to somehow stimulate the flowering of these beautiful plants in indoor conditions?
It is easy to assume that a prolonged absence of flowers, when it does not apply to the rest period, indicates problems in caring for orchids. Therefore, if your orchid does not want to bloom, for starters, make sure that you provide it with exactly the conditions that it needs for a comfortable stay.
The first is high humidity. But at the same time, one should not get carried away with too frequent watering and spraying, as this can lead not only to the rejection of flowering, but also to decay of the roots.
Watering should be done regularly, but sparingly throughout the year. In summer, orchids need more water, and they should be watered approximately every five days, in winter – once every 7-10 days.
The second is illumination. In their original growth environment, orchids choose places where there is enough light, but without direct sunlight. Given that the flower gets used to its place and does not like permutations, it is worth initially thinking carefully about where to place the orchid in the room: so that in the summer the flower does not burn the sun, and in winter the plant receives enough light.
The third condition is temperature. Orchids grown at home are heat-loving plants, so you should take care of a comfortable temperature for them and a minimum difference in this parameter.
The ideal room temperature for these subtropical plants is between
+ 19 ° C to + 24 ° C. At night, it is recommended not to lower the temperature below 17 degrees. The daily temperature difference is normally at least seven degrees. Orchids do not like to stand in a draft.
How to make an orchid bloom?
What can be more pleasant and joyful when, after so much care and excitement, your exotic beauty finally blossoms its iridescent inflorescences? But, unfortunately, it happens differently. Even with perfect care, orchids periodically “act up” and stop blooming. What to do in such cases?
Here are some tips on how to make these beautiful plants please you again with their lush flowering. Naturally, in any case, it must be borne in mind that each type of orchid has its own duration of the rest period necessary for them. But, if you are sure that the dormant period has passed, and there is not the slightest hint of flowering, it is worth trying the following.
1. Limit watering
When proper care does not give flowering, try shock therapy: stop watering the flower for a longer time, perhaps even about a month, and then restore its normal hydration. This does not apply to air humidity. Humidity should be maintained constantly; to do this, place a cup of water near the plant.
2. Provide additional lighting
If for some reason your orchids are located in a dimly lit place, and we are talking about the winter period, then they require additional illumination. Plants need light for photosynthesis, the formation of various organic compounds in its cells.
It can be used as additional fluorescent lamp lighting. An important condition for the lamps used – they should not be heated. Otherwise, they will heat the leaves, and this is unacceptable. An increase in the distance between the lamp and the plant will lead to a decrease in illumination.
The most suitable for additional illumination of plants are phytolamps. For orchids, a red-white LED lamp is suitable. It gives the necessary light spectrum, and its pleasant white, slightly pinkish light also performs a decorative function.
The duration of illumination of orchids should be 10-12 hours.
Read more about the selection of phytolamps for indoor plants in the article Correct phytolamp – choose a lighting device for plant illumination.
3. Lower the temperature of the contents
A decrease in temperature is another stressful situation that stimulates the appearance of flowers. To wake up the orchid and resume its flowering, place the plant for several weeks in a colder environment (from +12 to + 15 ° C).