Orchidarium – a cozy “house” for orchids
Special flower display cases for capricious orchids create ideal conditions for growing these tropical beauties. Orchidariums, in the first place, provide high air humidity and careful control over it, but they also have other advantages. There is no better way to emphasize the value of a plant and its particular beauty than choosing the right and spectacular orchidarium. And there is no other option that allows you to enter orchids even where there are no windows at all. Simplifying care and providing orchids with everything they need, purchased or homemade orchidariums is the dream of any fan of these plants.
What is orchidarium?
What is orchidarium?
Orchidariums are conventionally called any type of flower display case or indoor terrarium in which orchids are grown. In essence, this is just a separate “house” for orchids. It can be a huge room with climate control or a small decorative vase with installed lighting and can be attributed to the florarium. Unlike orchidariums in botanical gardens, home ones are not only compact in size, but also in great diversity.
Epiphytic orchids are grown in orchidariums. They are not necessarily placed on blocks, but this method is preferred even for those species that can grow in the substrate.
Orchidariums provide a unique opportunity to create an environment with high humidity to reveal all the beauty and characteristics of plants. This is an ideal home for deciduous, moody, requiring stable moisture species of orchids, which in normal conditions may be in a depressed state.
Not only orchids are grown in orchidariums: the latter in the collection can be combined with other capricious exotics from among the epiphytes, including various moisture-loving bromeliads. Where moisture accumulates, at the bottom of the orchidariums, other plants can also be planted directly in the soil, creating a wonderful background for orchids – peperomia, ferns, and other stars of moist terrariums.
Orchidariums are divided into two types:
Purchased or finished models of varying complexity and functionality.
Handicraft, or home-made orchidariums.
Orchidarium is both a huge room with climate control and a small florarium
Ready-made orchidariums are selected, first of all, for the price and their own preferences. Chrome or plastic, glass or transparent acrylic, a full-fledged climate control or its simplest systems determine the cost of orchidarium, as well as the possibilities that it opens for the cultivation of rare species of orchids.
Conventionally, all finished models of orchidarium are divided into regular and premium models.
Premium orchids, or professional orchidariums – models that are equipped with a full-fledged climate control system that creates ideal conditions for orchid cultivation or those orchidariums that create specialized firms to order for individual characteristics of the house and plants, mainly with the aim of creating special interior decoration and pride collections.
They are chosen with an unlimited budget and opportunities, or if you really want to move to a new level in collecting rarer and more valuable orchids.
An elite and professional type of orchidaria is characterized by a large selection of sizes, but, as a rule, even in the smallest orchidariums there are several levels of plant distribution at which the light intensity differs. Such models are never designed for one plant: this is the “home” for entire collections, often heterogeneous in their requirements.
Climate control systems of premium orchidariums usually include the functions of lighting control, ventilation, irrigation control, air humidity, spraying, temperature, bottom heating, sensors that allow you to check and set all the indicators necessary to create a strictly controlled atmosphere with the corresponding indicators.
Plants for professional orchidariums are selected so that they are content with the same temperature regime. Lighting can be changed with the right choice of place, but the temperature will be similar for all orchids placed in the orchidarium. Therefore, they are used for a collection of either heat-loving, or cold-loving, or “medium” orchids.
In premium models, you can grow any of the indoor orchids – both the rarest and quite typical for residential premises, but moody. At the upper levels, they enjoy an ideal humid environment and intense diffuse lighting, for example, vandas, Lelia and dendrobiums.
Cattleya or oncidiums bloom lushly in the middle (in diffused soft lighting), and on the lower shelves the ability to bloom for an amazingly long time, masdevallia, papiopedilum and phalaenopsis is beautifully revealed.