Rules for planting orchids on the block and in the substrate
Orchids from the category of rare and elite plants have become one of the most typical inhabitants of our interiors. Popularity did not diminish either their beauty or their particular appeal. But the mass representation of unpretentious varieties on the shelves still left their mark on the reputation of the plant. The fact that orchids are far from simple plants, began to be forgotten, as well as about various options for their cultivation. Indoor orchids can be contained in the substrate, and without it – and the choice is not always so obvious.
Methods for growing orchids at home
Orchids are grown in two ways – on the block (or its analogue) and in containers. Most often, the method is determined based on the characteristics of plants, although most indoor species allow you to choose it at your discretion. But other factors influence the choice of the method of planting orchids:
The original method of cultivation, which is retained after purchase.
Orchids are rarely transplanted – only when the need really arises. Plants do not change their “habits”, so they are grown in the way that is familiar to them. An exception occurs when problems arise with improper planting and reproduction of plants. Young specimens can be tried to grow without the method of substitution, instead of planting in pots or vice versa. But when changing the growing variant, it is necessary to take into account the characteristics and characteristics of the plant.
In fact, any decorative species of orchids used in room culture needs containers rather than supports, these are typical epiphytes that can grow not only in pots and pots. Most often, they feel more comfortable when attached to pieces of bark. But orchids are often planted in special containers, and not on blocks. This option requires specific conditions, is not suitable for all orchids, and is not appropriate in every “environment”.
Whatever method of growing the orchid is discussed, accuracy and attention to the plant is the main thing, especially when transplanting and changing the pot or block.
In the cultivation of orchids and in a groundless way, and in the substrate, there are common rules:
The roots and shoots of the plant break easily. Orchids must be handled with extreme care.
In work, it is advisable to use protective gloves or to monitor the cleanliness and disinfection of hands. All instruments must be sterilized and disinfected.
A transplant is carried out only in case of emergency – with signs of extreme tightness (stunting, extreme density of the plant) – the appearance of roots in the holes or in the upper part of the pot does not always indicate it – with the loss of color characteristics, the appearance of signs of acidification of the soil, sprawling abroad block, etc.
When choosing a base or pot for growing orchids, the selection of containers and blocks is carried out in such a way that the orchid has where to develop for at least 2 to 3 years.
Planting orchids on a block
Growing orchids in a soilless way, on pieces of bark is one of the most effective options. Revealing the natural beauty and character of the plant, emphasize its natural structure and developmental features. This method of planting allows you to avoid frequent transplants, makes it possible to always have access to the roots, to freely examine the plants, and therefore a chance to notice developmental problems in time. The risk of root decay and damage to plants is much less, and you can not worry about access to air, its free circulation. But orchids planted not on a substrate, but on a block, are much more dependent on the care of them.
This method of growing is suitable only for epiphytic species of orchids. For growing on blocks, plants are selected that contain in florariums, dendrariums, greenhouses, flower showcases, tropical greenhouses – all variants of orchid cultivation that involve the creation of stable moist conditions. Growing on blocks is preferred by oncidiums, erangises, cattleya, sofrontis and other epiphytes.
Growing on a block implies a conditional lack of substrate, attaching the plant to the block or decorative base on which the plant develops, receiving the main nutrients partially from the air. In fact, with the help of the block they imitate the natural conditions in which orchids themselves cling to the bark of trees or vines….