15 fruits we eat but don’t know how they grow (part 3)
A perennial turmeric plant from the ginger family can reach a height of up to one meter. On an industrial scale, it is grown today in Japan and China, India and Indonesia. Turmeric is considered the most popular seasoning in these parts.
For the preparation of spices, only the rhizome of Indian saffron (the second name of the plant) is used, but the plant itself is quite decorative. Small flowers are combined into large (up to 20 cm in length) inflorescences and boast very beautiful bracts. One turmeric bush (long leaves grow directly from the soil) may have several such inflorescences. Moreover, the flowering of turmeric is very long – up to three months. Therefore, today we have this plant is gaining popularity in home floriculture.
To learn how to grow turmeric, read the article: Cheeky forms of turmeric at home.
The world-famous clove spice is not the blossoming flower buds of a large evergreen tree (up to 20 meters high), which grows mainly on the islands of Pemba and Madagascar. A third of the world’s carnation supplies come from there.
Blossoms and, accordingly, “bears buds” cloves twice a year. The process of assembling them is simple, so this spice is relatively inexpensive. In greenhouse conditions, cloves are also grown, but this is a rather troublesome process. However, as is the care of any exotic domestic plants.
In terms of biology, an avocado is a drupe berry. It grows on an evergreen tropical tree with a wide crown and a height of up to 15 meters. Most growers constantly prune avocado trees at around 5 meters to simplify harvesting.
The peculiarity of avocado fruits is that they never fully ripen on a tree. After collecting the fruit, at least 1-2 weeks pass, during which they reach the desired condition at room temperature. Therefore, if you bought a not ripe avocado – this is normal. Just put it in a dark cabinet for a few days.
To learn how to grow avocados, see the article: Secrets of growing avocados at home.
10. Black pepper
Black pepper: green, dried without a peel and dried with a peel
The most common spice on planet Earth is black pepper. These are the fruits of a perennial evergreen tree creeper of the family pepper.
Malabar berry (also called black pepper) grows in tropical forests, twisting trees and reaching 15 meters in length. On an industrial scale, black pepper is grown on special trellises or supports.
Black Pepper Plantation (Piper nigrum)
At the beginning of ripening, the fruits of the plant are green, darkening over time and acquiring a more saturated aroma. If the berries are overripe, the peel is removed from them, leaving only a white core. Such black pepper is called “white” for sale. Its taste is not so sharp, but the smell is more intense.
To learn how to grow black pepper, read the article: Black pepper, or “Malabar berry.”
A quinoa plant looks like tall grass. It grows up to four meters, has a hard branching stem, large round leaves and large inflorescences. Biologists attribute the culture to pseudo-grain, due to the lack of a hard shell on the fetus. Today, hundreds of quinoa varieties are known, but only three of them are grown commercially.
Quinoa has been proven to be the basis of the diet of the ancient Indians. “Golden grain”, as the Incas called it, who considered these fruits to be as important a product as potatoes and corn. At the beginning of the 21st century, quinoa became popular all over the world thanks to adherents of a healthy diet. However, this product must be administered very carefully in your diet: it is a strong allergen.