15 fruits we eat but don’t know how they grow (part 1)
Thanks to world trade and the rapid development of traffic flows, today we can enjoy the fruits of plants that do not grow in our climatic conditions. At the same time, some of them were so fond of that they firmly entered our daily diet. And what do we know about how these “overseas dishes” grow?
The peduncle, which has grown in the form of a pear (the so-called apple-kazhu). Bottom real fruit – cashew nut
Our publication will tell you which fruits are 15 products that are well known to all. It should be noted that some of them, from the point of view of biology, are not considered to be fruits.
Capers, for example, are not fruits at all, but unblown buds of the herbaceous plant caper prickly. If you let them bloom, you can long admire the white flowers of stunning beauty, and then pick the fruits. True, they are considered less tasty than buds, therefore, usually, when purchasing canned capers, we buy it is not blooming flower buds of caper prickly.
Collection of caper spiny buds
Prickly caper is an extremely tenacious plant. Its roots reach groundwater, growing up to 20 meters, the length of branches reaches 1.5 meters. He lives in nature on stones, in the cracks of the walls, so he brings significant trouble to historical architectural monuments in his homeland – in Central Asia. It is grown on an industrial scale today, mainly in the Mediterranean countries of Europe, whose cuisines are rich in dishes with capers. In the original recipe for the famous Olivier salad, by the way, capers were used, not pickles. In the wild, it grows in the Caucasus, Crimea, Kazakhstan.
Figs, fig tree fruits
The birthplace of figs is considered to be India and the Mediterranean. These fruits grow in subtropics on trees or large shrubs, reaching a height of ten meters. Along the river banks, fig trees or fig trees (other names for figs) form impenetrable thickets. The southern slopes of the mountains also love these plants, where they can grow up to 2000 meters above sea level.
Fig, or Fig, or Fig Tree (Ficus carica)
In Russia, figs are cultivated only in the southern regions, and the main industrial plantations of fig trees are located in Turkey, Greece, Tunisia, South America, Portugal and Italy. This plant does not withstand frost below -12 degrees Celsius. But figs can be grown with success at home, as a decorative culture. The potted fig trees grow no higher than 3 – 4 meters….