Choosing plants for the florarium (part 1)
Florariums are one of the most spectacular ways of landscaping the interior. Decorative, impeccable in appearance, requiring minimal care, but at the same time bringing us closer to nature, like classical plants, these gardens in glass vessels conquer more and more flower growers and designers. And although decorative elements in florariums of any format are no less important, plants still remain the “soul” of mini-terrariums. For such compositions, they really should be special – expressive, vibrant and stylish.
For general information about the types of florariums, the basic principles of their creation, read the material: Terrariums for plants, or Florariums.
Variety of inhabitants of florariums
Florariums, combining so many different directions of phytodesign and acting as a symbiosis of the art of growing plants with the art of decorating, can be very different in size and in the possibilities of growing indoor plants in them. After all, florariums, in which only one single star is planted, and full-fledged imitations of natural landscapes, which use complex compositions from species that are similar in requirements, are equally popular, and landscape terrariums are not inferior to decorative varieties. All florariums are equally beautiful: for each there is a special and unique option.
The possibilities of planting a large number of plants in the florarium are limited primarily by the size of the container itself. If we are talking about today’s fashionable mini-florariums, the size of which is limited by the ability to place a vegetable terrarium on a coffee table or tabletop, in the interior of the interior without violating the possibilities of its use, then usually they use from one to 3 plants, with rare exceptions – 5 cultures. Large florariums – flower showcases and huge aquariums with plants – allow you to grow dozens of species, but they require a special place, scrupulous care, and special climate control, giving way today in popularity to much more compact terrariums in decorative vessels. The main condition for success is that cultures should be proportional to capacity, relate to it, have a beautiful silhouette and details, since plants in the florarium will literally be viewed from all sides and all the imperfections of the greenery or shape will immediately catch your eye. The maximum size of plants for florarium is usually limited to 20 cm (larger crops can only be used if they can be cut). When choosing compositions, they carefully study not only decorative characteristics, but also plant preferences for soil, lighting, humidity and care requirements: for “neighbors” in the florarium, all parameters must match.
The question of choosing the number of plants and the correct combination of them among themselves is important from a purely practical point of view. But when arranging florariums, one should not forget about aesthetics – the search for the most expressive cultures. To solve the problem of creating the most attractive composition is necessary, based not only on your own tastes and preferences. The view of the terrarium imposes no less restrictions on the assortment of plants that can be used in it. In accordance with the division of all terrariums into wet tropical and dry desert mountains, all crops suitable for the design of plant terrariums are also divided into two groups:
Moisturizing plants requiring stable or high humidity not only the substrate, but also air.
Succulents and cacti that are content with minimal resources.
Plants for the florarium do not have to be indoor. They can be either transferred from ordinary pot culture or hydroponics to florariums, or you can search for new species among plants that are now used in pet stores for decorating paludariums. Of course, you can use plants that grow in the wild (for example, in the forest you can look for original species of moss and ferns). But cultural species are preferable even in the process of choosing mosses, otherwise you will have to make a lot of efforts to combat pollution and, accordingly, to disinfect the “wild” inhabitants of the florariums.
Plants for tropical terrariums
In wet terrariums, not classical, but special, difficult to grow plants are used that require specific conditions. Moreover, not all plants with which you can recreate the forest landscape are moody and cannot grow in ordinary rooms. But all crops for wet terrariums have a common feature: they like high humidity and require very careful care in a pot culture. To avoid it or recreate an ideal environment, they are recommended to be grown most often in closed terrariums. And some exotics may even require the installation of climate control systems. Such florariums are more difficult to arrange and care because of the choice of plants,…