7 beginner orchid care tips for beginners (part 2)
Tip 3. Smart watering orchids
The love of orchids and their tropical origin should not mislead you. In most cases, orchids are sufficient to water about once a week. It is better to water the orchid by immersion in water or by the method of showering, while the first method is much simpler and more reliable. A pot of orchid is immersed in a container with rain or other soft water so that the substrate is well saturated with moisture (no more than 20-30 minutes). If you are lucky and your tap water is not hard and suitable for taking care of indoor plants, then you can even turn the plants under the tap or soak an earthen clod with a shower, but remember that the water should never be cold. As soon as the water completely saturates the substrate, carefully remove the container on a stand or pan and let all excess water drain (it should not stagnate around the roots of orchids and remain in the pan).
Tip 4. Nutrition = Growth
Without exception, all orchids need a sufficiently high concentration of fertilizers in the soil. For these crops, you can only use special fertilizers designed for orchids and you need to make them only with water for irrigation. For phalaenopsis and other disease-resistant and unpretentious orchids, it is enough to feed 1 time per month or every 3 weeks in a standard dose or 2 times a month with a half-reduced amount of fertilizer. Fertilizing is done not throughout the year, but in the months of active development.
Yellow phalaenopsis orchid
Tip 5. Careful, but meticulous transplant
Orchids need to be transplanted on average every 2 years. These plants must be handled very carefully, because the roots are easily injured and break off. The substrate is completely replaced. Orchids need special soil mixtures for these types of plants, consisting of coarse parts of the bark, moss and other useful components. Before planting, you need to carefully inspect the plant and remove all soft, damaged, dry areas, treating the cuts with charcoal. Orchids are not buried, they are carefully placed on a mound on the bottom of the pot, and then fill the empty space with a substrate. If you are afraid of damaging the rhizome of an orchid during transplantation, ask your associate florist, who already knows how to handle orchids, to assist you in carrying out the first procedure. After the procedure, do not water the plant for at least 3 days, and renew feeding only after a month.
Tip 6. Without control of the temperature of flowering orchids can not be achieved
In order for the orchids to bloom, they need cool conditions, in particular, the temperature at night during the preparation for flowering should drop to at least 15-18, and ideally up to 12-15 degrees. About the specific time of the transfer to the dormant stage and the indicators necessary for your orchid, you must definitely clarify the information when buying, because each variety has its own specific characteristics and “habits”. But just providing cool conditions for orchids will not be enough. A contrast must be observed between daytime and nighttime temperatures: at night, the air temperature in the room where the orchid is standing should drop by an average of 4-5 degrees relative to daytime.
Tip 7. Cropping is not like everyone else
If you chose phalaenopsis for acquaintance with orchids, then correctly prune the wilted inflorescences on the plant. In phalaenopsis, new peduncles will develop not only at the base of the stem, but also from the eye of a sleeping bud on the shoot. Therefore, wilted inflorescences are not completely removed, but approximately half, above the second or even third eye. If you are afraid to make a mistake, it is better to leave the shoots completely after flowering: you can cut off the tops after new shoots appear or as they dry out, removing only the dried tops